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Aromatherapy Articles

Essential Oil Quality


Joie Power, Ph.D.


The following are excerpts are from Aromatherapy An A-Z, by Patricia Davis, 1988, reprinted 1994, Saffron Walden, The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd., England, pp. 278-280.

"THE QUALITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS WHICH ARE TO BE USED THERAPEUTICALLY IS OF PRIME IMPORTANCE It is, obviously, very important to be sure that the oil you are using is indeed obtained from the  plant whose therapeutic properties you had in mind when using that oil, and the only way to be certain of this is to  use the Latin botanical names for the plants."

"Even an oil which is quite truthfully described as pure may be of poor quality, and therefore of less value  therapeutically.  IF AN ESSENTIAL OIL COSTS MUCH LESS THAN YOU WOULD NORMALLY EXPECT  TO PAY FOR IT, the oil may well be a third or fourth distillate from a batch of plant material which has already  yielded the greater part of its properties to the first or second distillation."

"AS A ROUGH AND READY GUIDE... look for simple but informative labeling (botanical name, part of plant)  And avoid any oils that are not packed in opaque glass.  ...and DO NOT BUY ANYTHING THAT IS VERY  MUCH CHEAPER."


The following excerpts are from Aromatherapy Workbook, by Marcel Lavabre, 1990, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, Vermont, pp. 20-21.

"Most essential oils available on the market are of very poor quality for two main reasons.  The first is that the  chemical composition of the essential oils of a given plant can vary greatly, depending on the variety, the time, the  soil, and the methods of cultivation and distillation."

"The second reason is that recent advances in chemistry have flooded the market with synthetic essential oils."


The following excerpts are from The Healing Power of Aromatherapy by Hasnain Walji, Ph.D., 1996, Prima Publishing, Rocklin, Calif., p. 28).

"BE GUIDED BY PRICE"  (low price = low quality; jp)

"Because the oils are susceptible to heat, light, and air, they must be kept in dark glass containers.  Clear plastic  bottles are definitely not recommended."

"AROMATHERAPY IS NOT MERELY ABOUT SMELLING NICE...  It is a therapy and should be respected as  such.  Just as you would not expect your medical practitioner to prescribe medication that was substandard, so you  should not be prepared to accept anything less than the best that is available..".

The following excerpts are from The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy by Valerie Ann Worwood, 1991, New World Library, San Rafael, California, pp. 90.

"For effective therapeutic use it is crucial that only pure essential oils be used ...reconstituted products or chemical   copies of natural essences simply do not work..."

"... a large variety of so-called essential oil products have been devised... In law, all of these products come under   the heading "essential oils", which can be confusing to the inexperienced buyer: "reconstitutions"; "nature  identicals"; "isolates"; "perfume compounds"; and "aromas", such as "lavender aroma".  Apart from the range of  products that have been devised to take the place of essential oils in perfumery, there are other essential oils which,  when mixed with others, mimic the aroma of the essential oil whose name they carry... This is all very well if  perfumery is your concern, BUT NO GOOD AT ALL if the ... oil is required for a therapeutic Purpose."


"... it is often the case that a synthetic aroma will smell more pungently of the raw material than the real thing.  Do  not influenced by strength, but rather by price, supplier reputation, and, in time, your own experience and instinct".

The following excerpts are from Holistic Aromatherapy, A. Berwick, 1994, Llewellyn Pub., St. Paul, MN pp. 168.

"It is important to work with high quality, pure essential oils whenever you can.  Many of the oils on the market are  of poor quality."

"LOW PRICES MAY ALSO MEAN THE OIL IS A SECOND OR THIRD DISTILLATION OF THE PLANT  MATERIAL, in which case it will have far less therapeutic value.  Sometimes oils are diluted with another plant  that has a similar aroma, but costs less... Obtaining the specific oil you want is more likely if you know the correct  botanical name..."

"The oils should be sold in dark glass bottles, definitely not in plastic"

Common Methods of Adulteration:

  • A certain quantity of the main chemical constituent may be added to the essential oil to "stretch" it.
  • Oil from a cheaper plant may be added.  Citronella may be added to melissa & spearmint to birch.
  • Synthetic aromatic substances may be added.  This can cause irritation, allergies, nausea, headaches, and reduced therapeutic value.
  • Some of the chemical constituents may be removed.  Since an essential oil is an extremely complex cocktail of hundreds of chemical constituents, some of them in very small amounts, this will alter the therapeutic value of the oil.  Menthol is often removed from peppermint oil and used by the pharmaceutical industry.  As a general rule, the more an essential oil is interfered with physically or chemically, the less clinical value it will have".

Some helpful hints for buyers are noted in the excerpts above.  In summary these are:

  • Look for proper packaging
  • Look for full labeling, with common name and Latin botanical name, and the part of the plant used, when relevant. Essential oils are labeled with common and botanical names and relevant information concerning the part of the plant used.  Country of origin is also in our brochure/catalog. Also look for either date bottled or expiration date on the label.
  • Remember that price DOES reflect quality in the essential oil market.  Although an inferior oil can sell for a high price, a good oil is not going to sell at a low price.

*This information is provided for educational interest and is not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any disease.

Copyright © 2010 Joie Power, Ph.D. / The Aromatherapy School  |  All Rights Reserved

This article, "Essential Oil Quality" was originally published for Dreaming Earth Botanicals, LLC

Dr. Power is a retired board certified neuropsychologist and former Assistant Professor of Surgery/Neurosurgery at the Medical College of Georgia, where she performed intra-operative cortical mapping with renowned neurosurgeon Herman Flanigan, M.D. She has over 20 years of clinical experience in both in-patient and out-patient settings and during her years of practice has also been both a practitioner and student of alternative healing methods, including herbal medicine, aromatherapy, Reiki, Chinese Medicine, and other energetic healing systems. Her extensive formal training and experience in the olfactory and limbic systems of the brain give her a unique qualification for understanding the actions of essential oils in the body. Dr. Power, founder of one of the earliest essential oil companies in the U.S. to specialize in therapeutic quality essential oils, is now a clinical consultant for Artisan Aromatics as well as an internationally known writer and teacher in the fields of aromatherapy and alternative medicine. Her approach to aromatherapy weaves together her solid scientific training and strong clinical skills with a holistic philosophy that honors body, mind and spirit. Dr. Joie Power is also the author of The Quick Study Guide to Aromatherapy and numerous published articles on aromatherapy and related topics.

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